Shanghai abbreviated to "Hu" is situated at the delta of the Yangtze River, guarding the gateway of the Yangtze River in the north, facing the sea in the east and bordering Hangzhou Bay in the south. It is China's biggest city and also the biggest seaport as well as the major center of economy, sciences and technology and culture.
Shanghai, a municipality directly under the Central Government, is the largest commercial city and economic centre of China. It's a coastal opening city as well as a famous historic and cultural one.
Situated 31.4 degrees north latitude and 121.29 degrees east longitude, Shanghai lies in the middle of China's mainland coastline, and Yangtze River's entrance to the sea. Covering an area of 6,341 square km. and with a population of more than 13.5 million, it is the largest city in China and one of the five super cities of the world. Shanghai is also one of ten world's largest seaports.
It has an oceanic and monsoon climate in the subtropical zone. With an annual average temperature of 15.5 degrees Centigrade, and rainfall of 1,120 millimeters. Shanghai is neither cold in winter, nor very hot in summer. Its hand is fertile and crisscross with rivers and ports. The coastal area abounds in resources of fish and stitle.
Shanghai is endowed with favorable geographical and natural conditions, and a long history of development. It has a Well-developed commodity economy and comparatively high scientific and technological level. As the biggest industrial center in China, Shanghai ranks first in the value of its industrial production, as compared with other Chinese cities. Its main industry includes metallurgy, chemicals, petroleum, machinery, automobiles, electronics, shipbuilding, light industry, textiles, electrical appliances, and other industries, which hold an important position in Chins. Shanghai is the chief producer of industrial goods, and a major export base in China as well.
The Pudong Development Area in Shanghai is an important special economic zone in China. The level of the new area's industry, commerce, finance, trade, post and telecommunications stands at the forefront in China. More than 130 buildings there are higher than a hundred meters.
As the most prosperous business center in China, Shanghai leads all the others in both social commodity's total volume of retail sales and export value. In recent years, it has made rapid progress in finance and banking service, and stands only next to Beijing, as one of the main financial centers in China.
Shopping Centers: Nanjing Road (Huangpu & Jingan district):Known as "China's No.1 Business Street", with over 100 old name specialized shops, and Shanghai No.1 Department Store located here, selling general merchandise.
Huaihai Road (Luwan & Xuhui district): Selling mainly high and medium class goods, many specialized shops and boutiques for famous brands, popular for garments and footwears in particular.
Sichuan North Road (Hongkou district): Selling large assortment of daily necessities, mainly made in China, price range fit for wage earners with strong sense of good value for money.
Yuyuan Commercial City (Nanshi district): Known as "Kingdom of Shanghai Arts & Crafts and small Articles", selling articles ranging from antiques, jadeware, gold & silver ware, jewelry, to bottle caps, silk threads etc.
Xujiahui (Xujia district): Selling products of all price levels, shops, restaurants, amusement parks, offices and apartments under one roof.
Zhangyang Road (Pudong New district): Located in the New Century Tower, "First Shanghai Yaohan" is the largest department store in Asia. Another major department store, "New Shanghai" occupies floor space twice as big as the total floor space of all shops on Nanjing Road.
Nightless City (Zhabei district): Selling tourist souvenirs, arts & crafts, native produce, daily necessities, coins, stamps, discs etc. A combination of shopping and tours with business, known as "The Pearl at Shanghai Land Entrance Gate".
Characteristic Streets: Cultural Street at Fuzhou Road: Traditional paper, ink, quilled pens, ink stands, professional books, stationery etc.
Clothing Street at Huating Road: Garments of low price fashions.
Hardware Street at Beijing East Road: Hardware, electrical appliances and materials machine spare parts, accessories and electrical tools.
Antique Market at Dongtai Road: Second-hand porcelains, precious metals & stones, various folk cultural relics.
Second-hand Arts & Crafts Market at Jihe Road: Second-hand arts & crafts, souvenirs etc.Shanghai City Guide
Flowers & Birds Market at Jiangyin Road: Flowers, plants, fish, insects, birds and miniature pot scenarios.
See Also: Shanghai Gallery